PROF.DR. MEHMET ÇETİN KOÇAK    
Name : MEHMET ÇETİN
Surname : KOÇAK
E-Mail : mckocak@ankara.edu.tr, m.c.kocak@gmail.com
Phone Number : +90 312 203 34 38
Title : PROF.DR.
Unit : FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
Department : CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Personal Information
Under construction - January 2018
Title and name         : Prof. Dr. Mehmet Çetin KOÇAK
Birth date and place: 04.08.1951, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
Work address           : Ankara University, Engineering Faculty, Chemical Eng. Department, Tandoğan 06100,
                                     Ankara, Turkey
Tel. No.    : +90-312-203 3438,    Fax No.: +90-312-212 15 46
e-mail      : mckocak@ankara.edu.tr, m.c.kocak@gmail.com
Scopus Author ID: 7005150102
Orchid ID              : 0000-0003-1927-0513
Researcher ID      : D-6105-2011
INTRODUCTION:
I was born in Antakya on 4th of August, 1951. I finished Antakya Lycee and entered Chemical Engineering Department of Istanbul University in 1968. Having won a Turkish Ministry of Education scholarship to study abroad, I went to Britain in 1969 and earned my B.Sc, M.Sc., and  Ph.D degrees there before returning home in 1980. I worked as a researcher at Ankara Nuclear Research and Training Center for about six years. Subsequently, I moved to Chemical Engineering Department of Ankara University to start an academic career as an assistant professor.  I received my associate professorship in 1991 and full professorship in 2009. I have completed 4 projects including an FP6 coordination action and supervised four M.Sc. theses.
Most of my publications are single-authored. So far, 49 publications have given me 54 citations.
CONTENTS:
•   Bursaries, supports, and prizes
•   Higher education
•   Work
•   Membership
•   Main achievements
•   Main research interests
•   Near future interests
•   Completed projects
•   Supervised theses
•   Undergraduate courses
•   Graduate courses
•   Invited lecture
•   Own publications: Thesis
•   Own publications: Journal articles, conference presentations, and books
•   Citations
•   References
Note that K, C, and R respectively label own work, citation, and reference.
BURSARIES, SUPPORTS and PRIZES:
PERIOD              DESCRIPTION                                                                                            
1964-1968          State boarding school bursary
1968                    Basic sciences bursary from Scientific and Technological Council of Turkey
1969-1980           Turkish Ministry of Education scholarship to study abroad
1974                    Anglo-Turkish Society Essay Prize
1974                    British Council Overseas Students Fees Award
1985                    ICTP support for the Third College on Microprocessors
1985                    ICTP support for the 2nd Workshop on Mathematics in Industry
2017                   Visiting scholar support, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)
HIGHER EDUCATION:
DEGREE              UNIVERSITY                  DEPARTMENT               
YEAR
B.Sc.                    Birmingham (England)    Chemical Engineering     1975
M.Sc.                    Salford (England)           Chemistry                        1976
Ph.D.                    Aston (England)              Chemical Engineering     1980
WORK:
PERIOD              DESCRIPTION                                                                                            
1974 Summer     Vacation training, Commonwealth Zinc Smelting Co., Avonmouth, Bristol
1977-1979           Demonstrator, Aston University
1980-1986           Researcher, Ankara Nuclear Research and Training Centre
1986-1991           Assistant professor, Chemical Engineering Department, Ankara University
1991-2009            Associate professor, Chemical Engineering Department, Ankara University
2009-                    Full professor, Chemical Engineering Department, Ankara University
2004-2007            Associated professor representative on Faculty Board of Engineering Faculty
2016-2017            Visiting scholar at Beckman Institute, UIUC, USA
MEMBERSHIP:
Associated Member of  IChemE (1977-2014)
MAIN ACHIEVEMENTS:
• My doctoral work culminated in a CSSL-type, Fortran-based, simultaneous modular dynamic simulation package called ACES. The latter achieved simultaneity via its novel twice-round execution of dynamic modules whenever the initially selected integration driver needed fresh derivatives. In the first round, each module retrieved its own state-variables from an up-to-date composite vector and attended to some local algebraic equations. In the second round, each module did further local calculations if necessary before estimating and forwarding derivatives for co-integration by the driver.
My pertinent works are labelled K3, K4, K8, K13, K14, K15, K32, and K34.
• An interesting opening was a standard factorial experimental design application to optimize oxidative thermal decomposition of low density polyethylene (LDPE) in a semi-batch system. Preliminary experiments indicated that the reaction temperature (T), the reaction time (t), and the air feed rate ( ) were the three most important factors (inputs)
affecting the three outputs of interest, namely the acid number ( ), the liquid yield ( ), and the peroxide number ( ). It was decided to employ the form   to link each output to the inputs x.
Notice that this response surface had 7 coefficients k to be determined by the principle of least squares. Allowing two levels (low and high) for each variable, the standard factorial experimental design required   runs which changed all inputs simultaneously rather than one at a time, thereby reducing the number of experiments needed. A ninth run was added with medium level (nominal) inputs to obtain a measure of the error involved. Let F be a   design matrix where each row is associated with a run and the columns are ones,  ,  ,  ,  ,  , and   respectively. Further, let  denote the (Moore-Penrose generalized) pseudoinverse of F, i.e.  . The so-called normal equations are   where   and  . The formal least squares solution is  . (In Matlab, simply write .) Now, it is known that because variables in models are often highly correlated, when experimental data are collected, the   matrix can be badly conditioned, and thus the estimates of the values of the coefficients in a model can have considerable associated uncertainty. The method of factorial design avoids this problem by using scaled (or coded) variables X where +1 and -1 values correspond to high and low values of x. This forces the data to be orthogonal, decouples the normal equations, and makes   diagonal. The required transformation is  ,  and  denoting the nominal and perturbation values of the ith input. In the application, the experiments were carried out in random order. Having established K, the process was optimized for   which was associated with carboxylic (particularly fatty) acid production.
Details are referred to K26.
•  Iterative solution of a scalar nonlinear equation f(x)=0  proceeds by making a correction h at each step to x such that the estimated f(x+h)=0 . Any iterative solver g(x)=x+h  is in fact piecewise linearization approximating f by a series of straight lines with slope m(x)   going through the current iterate (x,f) and (x+h ,0). So,h=-f(x)/m(x).  (Recall that Newton’s method uses the current tangent to approximate f, that is m(x)=f'(x) .)  I created a class of third-order iterative solvers in the form g(x)=x+f(x)u(x) where m(x)=-1/u(x). At a solution z,  f(z)=0, g(z)=z, g'(z)=g''(z)=0. See my works labelled K28 and K30. McNamee & Pan (see C35) briefly described this class in their book.
•  There were three phases in the development of Koçak’s method  gK  to accelerate the convergence of an iterator g(x)=x attempting to solve a scalar nonlinear equation f(x)=0. Omitting argument x for brevity:
          gK=(g-m x)/(1-m),  m=w g'+(1-w)g'(z)=g'(z)+w(g'-g'(z)).
It amounted to (piecewise) linearization of g where m denotes the slope of a line passing through the iterate (x,g) and (gK,gK). The first version employed   (see K29 and K31). The second version (see K35 and K39) keyed this weight to the convergence order n of g as follows:
    If  n=1, then w=1/2  with the result that gK is of third order;
    If  n=2, then w=1/2  again with the result that gK is of third order;
    If  n>2, then w=1/n  with the result that gK is of (n+1)th order.
The third version (see K41) performed well adjusting w at x so as to force w at z to the above-given limits.
•  I published applications iteratively solving equilibrium problems (K28) and accelerating their solution (K29).
•  I applied Ostrowski’s fourth-order method to flash calculations (K33) and solution of cubic equations of state (K37).
•  I devised a way for “Simple, Robust, and Fast Iterative Solution of Underwood’s Equation for Minimum Reflux” (K36).
•  I co-authored an invited book chapter in 2006, titled “Waste Plastic Pyrolysis in Free-Fall Reactors”. See K27.
•  I gave an invited lecture at Coimbra University, Portugal, in 2008, titled “Convergence Acceleration”.
•  I devised an amazing iterator, called Koçak’s double linearization loop, for the solution of a scalar nonlinear equation (see K40). It was a powerful and robust contribution in this field. Tests including a case of a multiple root showed that it worked superbly where other solvers failed. Hopefully, it will prove to be a good, pioneering numerical analysis tool. Briefly, g(x)=x+h-f(x+h)/m(x+h), h=-f(x)/m(x).
•  My latest noteworthy product was Koçak’s 2-wing workbench for nonlinear least squares. One wing called Matlab solvers directly, the other via varpro - a short reference to variable projection. Five solvers could operate in either wing: fminunc, fmincon, nlinfit, lsqcurvefit, and lsqnonlin. Function fminsearch could be called directly only. Together, these solvers offered the user over ten algorithms. The versatile and robust workbench docked applications as a nested Matlab function housing two user blocks. Let T and x respectively denote the nonlinear and linear parameters (or predictors) to tune and t be the independent variable of a function y(T,x,t). Let W be a diagonal matrix of point weights w. Further, let T, x, t, y,  , and z be column vectors where each row corresponds to a data point. Consider a separable nonlinear least squares (shortly, SNNLS) problem
    
Observe that each column in the design matrix F is associated with a basis function f(T,t) . Varpro solution involves two loops one inside the other. The outer one operates on T whereas the inner one tends to the linear least squares problem which can be stated as
    Given T:  .
P is called a projection matrix or projection functional. Varpro harnesses the singular value decomposition (SVD) of  :
    
where N is the number of experimental points and   be the number of columns in F. Omitting subscripts N and  ,
     ,  ,  .
As can be seen, P need not be calculated explicitly. Note that  :
     .
See K43.    
•  During my sabbatical visit to University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, I successfully applied Koçak’s workbench for nonlinear least squares to an interesting but difficult problem, namely, characterization of viscoelastic materials by spherical nanoindentation. It was a separable nonlinear least squares case:
    
T and x respectively had n and n+1 elements where n itself was unknown. Physically, h was the indentation measured as the ramp-hold response of a standard linear solid (SLS) model which comprised one spring and n Kelvin-Voigt units in series. Each Kelvin-Voigt unit had a spring and a dashpot connected in parallel. Each spring (dashpot) represented an elastic (viscous) component.
•  As listed later, 49 publications have given me 54 citations so far.
MAIN RESEARCH INTERESTS:
•  Process modelling, simulation, control, design, and optimisation
•  Experimental design
•  Numerical methods
•  Computer programming in various environments including Fortran, Matlab, and Simulink
NEAR FUTURE INTERESTS:
I intend to develop a Matlab-based, twice-round, simultaneous modular simulation package. Furthermore, I would like to enter:  
•  Advanced control
•  Fractional derivatives
•  Moment techniques
•  Image processing
•  Microfluidics (Lab-on-a-chip, LOC)
COMPLETED PROJECTS:
PERIOD              DESCRIPTION                                                                                            
1982-1983          State Ministry and Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey
                           1983 Research and Development Inventory of Turkey
1989-1990          Ankara University Research Fund, No. 89-25-00-20
                            Koçak M Ç,  Özkazanç O
                            Response of a Packed Column to a Step Change in Reboiler Heat Load
1991-1992           Ankara University Research Fund, No. 91-25-00-16
                            Koçak M Ç,  Karagöz A R
                            Online Computer Control of a Batch Polymerisation Reactor
2009-2010           Representation of Ankara University in a Coordination Action Project in FP6
                            INNOVA-MED, Innovative processes and practices for wastewater treatment and re-use in the Mediterrenean region (INCO-CT-2006-517728)
SUPERVISED THESES:
1.  Karagöz A R 1991
     Online Computer Control of a Batch Polymerisation Reactor, M.Sc. thesis, Ankara University
2.  Ünal İ 1995
     Application of Dynamic Matrix Control to a Polymerisation Reactor, M.Sc. thesis, Ankara University
3.  Kocaoğlu M A 2010
     Minimisation of Transportation Cost of a Fuel Distribution System via Linear Programming, M.Sc. thesis, Ankara
     University
4.  Erşan A 2010
     Temperature Control of a Batch Polymerisation Reactor, M.Sc. thesis, Ankara University
UNDERGRADUATE COURSES:
•  Computer Programming
•  Stoichiometry
•  Numerical Methods
•  Thermodynamics
•  Chemical Engineering Mathematics
•  Chemical Engineering Economy
•  Introduction to Dynamic Simulation
•  Process Control
•  Optimisation
•  Research Techniques
GRADUATE COURSES:
•  Applied Numerical Methods
•  Multicomponent Distillation
•  Process Control
INVITED LECTURE:
Koçak M Ç 2008
Convergence Acceleration. Chemical Engineering Department, Coimbra University, Portugal.
OWN PUBLICATIONS
Recall that K, C, and R respectively label own work, citation, and reference.
THESES:

LABEL DESCRIPTION                                                                                                                                              
K1        Koçak M Ç 1975
            The role of nuclear power in the present energy crisis with particular reference to the light water reactors
            Technical report, Chem. Eng. Dept., Birmingham University, England.
K2        Koçak M Ç 1976
             A radiochemical study of manganese self-diffusion in synthetic faujasites
             M.Sc. dissertation, Salford University, England     (Supervisor: Dr. Alan Dyer)
             48 references > R1-R48
K3        Koçak M Ç 1980
             Dynamic simulation of chemical plant
             Ph.D. thesis, Aston University, England     (Supervisor: Dr. Brian Gay)
             65 references > R49-R113
             7+3=10 citations < K4,K8,K13,K14,K32,K34,K40, C1,C2,C3
JOURNAL ARTICLES. CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS and BOOKS:
LABEL DESCRIPTION                                                                                                                                              
K4       Fletcher J P, Gay B, Kocate C M* 1982     (* misprinted)
            A dynamic simulation package for chemical engineering
            9th Annual Research Meeting of IchemE, Imperial College, London, England
            Trans  IChemE,  60(4) 253-254                                                        ISSN:0263-8762
            +1=1 citation < C4
K5       Tarımcı Ç, Koçak M Ç 1983     (in Turkish)
            Data generation at national level: 1983 Turkey R+D Inventory
            The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, TÜRDOK National     Information System I.
            National Symposium, Ankara, Turkey
K6       Koçak M Ç 1986     (in Turkish)
            RT-11 and Class language user manual
           Turkish Atomic Energy Authority, ANAEM, Ankara, Turkey
K7       Tarımcı Ç, Koçak M Ç, Mutlu 1986     (Translated from English)
            Measurement of scientific and  technical activities  – Frascati  manual 1980
            Değişim Yayınları, Verso, Ankara, Turkey
K8       Koçak M Ç, Gay B, Fletcher J P 1988     (in Turkish)
            A modular dynamic simulation package: ACES
           Chemistry 88, V. Chemistry and  Chemical Engineering Symposium, Ankara, Turkey
            Extended summaries , Pişkin E (Ed), 26-27
            3 references > K3,R65,R73
K9       Koçak M Ç 1988     (in Turkish)
            Modular approach in distillation column design
           Chemistry 88, V. Chemistry and  Chemical Engineering Symposium, Ankara, Turkey
            Extended summaries, Pişkin E (Ed), 28-29
            1 reference > R114
K10     Koçak M Ç 1988     (in Turkish)
            Newton’s method in calculating minimum reflux ratio in distillation
           
Chemistry 88, V. Chemistry and  Chemical Engineering Symposium, Ankara, Turkey
           Extended summaries, Pişkin E (Ed), 30-31
           1 reference > R115
K11    Gülşen S, Mehmetoğlu Ü, Koçak M Ç, 1988     (in Turkish)
           Investigation of dynamics of a packed column producing ethyl alcohol via immobilised Z. Mobilis
           Chemistry 88, V. Chemistry and  Chemical Engineering Symposium, Ankara, Turkey
           Extended summaries, Pişkin E (Ed), 157-159
           2 references > R118,R119
K12    Koçak M Ç 1989     (in Turkish)
            Industrial database applications
            Industrial Control Systems – Electronic Measurement, Logging, and Control Symposium II, Ankara, Turkey
K13     Koçak M Ç 1990
            Modular approach to dynamic simulation in chemical engineering applications: when and how?
           Second National Computer Simulation Symposium, Ankara, Turkey
           22 references > K3,R51,R54,R57,R65,R66,R68,R69,R73,R78,R79,R82,R87,R88, R91,R95,R96,R103,
                                     R105,R108, R109, R112
            1=1 citation < K14
K14     Koçak M Ç 1990
            Dynamic simulation of distillation columns with a modular approach
            Second National Computer Simulation Symposium, Ankara, Turkey
            21 references > K3,K13,R51,R54,R65,R66,R68,R69,R73,R78,R79,R82,R87,R88,R91,R95,
R96,R103,
                                      R105,R109,R112
K15     Koçak M Ç 1992
            Letter to the editors
            Comput. Chem. Engng, 16(9) 817                                                   ISSN: 0098-1354
            “It is noteworthy that the notion of twice-round execution was conceived and implemented in my doctoral
            work prior to that of Fagley. I shall be grateful if you kindly make this fact public

            3 references > K3,R65, R116
            2=2 citations < K34,K40
K16     Mehmetoğlu Ü, Çiçek S, Koçak Ç 1993
            Dynamics of a column reactor fermenting glucose via Immobilised Z. Mobilis to produce ethyl alcohol
            Chem  and Biochem Eng Quarterly, 7 (2) 97-100                             ISSN:0352-9568
            10 references > R117-R126
           
+1=1 citation < C5
K17     Koçak M Ç,  Ünal İ, Abilov A 1996     (in Turkish)
            Modelling of a batch reactor in which free radicalic addition polymerisation of styrene occurs and simulation
                 of its dynamic matrix control applications

            UKMK-2 Second National Chemical  Engineering Congress, Istanbul, Turkey
            Proceedings, Vol. 1, 564-569, Türkay S, Tantekin-Ersolmaz Ş B, Yardım M F (eds)
            11 references > R127-R137
K18     Abilov A, Koçak M Ç 1997
            A multi-source database and an experimental design method for determining the best operating conditions
                 for a batch polymerisation process and optimisation application

            XI. National Chemistry Congress, Van, Turkey
            Abstracts, p.327
K19     Abilov A, Koçak M Ç 1998
           Optimal control of alkyne hydrogenation with a nonlinear model
           XII. National Chemistry Congress, Edirne, Turkey
           Abstracts, p.649, Kaçan M (ed)
           3 references > R138-R140
K20    Abilov A., Koçak M Ç 1998
           Real-time optimization and control of industrial alkyne hydrogenation
           DYCOPS-5, 5th IFAC Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Process Systems, 8-10 June, 1998, Corfu,
           Greece. Preprints (Ed. C. Georgakis), pp.508-510
            7 references > R140-R146
            1=1 citation < K22
K21    Doğan A Ü, Koçak M Ç 1998
           EDS x-ray microanalysis program (in Fortran) for off-line materials characterization
           Third Int Turkish Geology Symposium, Middle East Technical University, 31 August - 4 September, 1998,
            Ankara, Turkey, p. 41
K22     Abilov A G, Koçak M Ç 2000
            An optimal control application to an industrial hydrogenation reactor
            Chemical engineering research and design, 78( A4)630-632          ISSN:0263-8762
             http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0263876200719320    
              8 references > K20,R138,R143,R145,R147-R150
             +
5=5 citations < C13,C22,C42,C46,C47
K23     Karaduman A, Şimşek E H, Koçak M Ç, Bilgesü A Y 2002
            Use of cyclohexane as solvent in thermal degradation of low density polyethylene wastes
            Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 41(4)767-776         ISSN:0360-2559
             15 references > R151-R165
             +5=5 citations < C6,C15,C17,C32,C34
K24     Alibeyli R, Yeniova H, Koçak M Ç, Karaduman A  2003
            Kinetic peculiarities of benzene production from benzene-toluene-xylene fraction of pyrolysis gasoline by
                 catalytic hydrodealkylation at high temperature

            Petroleum Science and Technology, 21(5,6)789-803                       ISSN:1091-6466
            24 references > R166-R189
            +1=1 citation < C8
K25     Karaduman A, Koçak M Ç, Bilgesü A Y 2003
            Flash vacuum pyrolysis of low density polyethylene in a free-fall reactor
            Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 42(2)181-191         ISSN:0360-2559
            24 references > R152,R153,R155-R158,R160,R161,R164,R190-R204
            1+8=9 citations < K27,C6,C7,C9,C10,C12,C37,C44,C48
K26     Koç A., Bilgesü A Y, Alibeyli R, Koçak M Ç 2004
            A Factorial Experimental Design for Oxidative Thermal Decomposition of Low-density Polyethylene Waste
            J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 72(2)309-315                                                 ISSN:0165-2370
            http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165237004000816
            18 references > R155,R158,R205-R220
            +9=9 citations < C11,C14,C18,C19,C24,C31,C33,C43,C45
K27     Bilgesü A Y, Koçak M Ç, Karaduman A 2006    (Invited book chapter)     ISBN: 978-0-470-02152-1
           Chapter 23. Waste Plastic Pyrolysis in Free-Fall Reactors
            Feedstock Recycling and Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics (Eds. J. Scheirs and W. Kaminsky), John Wiley & Sons
            Ltd.
            62 references > K25,R151-R161,R190-R204,R221-R256
            +4=4 citations < C25,C37,C39,C40
K28     Koçak M Ç 2006
            A new iterative method created and applied to equilibrium calculations
            Chisa 2006 17th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, 27-31 August 2006, Prague,
            Czech Republic. Summaries 4, Systems Engineering, pp. 1229-1230
            4 references > K30,R65,R67,R257
            2=2 citations < K30,K35
K29    Koçak M Ç 2006
           Acceleration of equilibrium calculations via a new technique
           Chisa 2006 17th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, 27-31 August 2006,
            Prague, Czech Republic.
            Summaries 6, Supplement, pp. 1891-1892
            5 references > K30,K31,R65,R67,R257
            3=3 citations < K30,K31,K35
K30     Koçak M Ç 2008
            A class of iterative methods with third order convergence to solve nonlinear equations
            The Proceedings of the Twelfth International Congress on Computational and Applied Mathematics
             (ICCAM2006), 10-14 July 2006, Leuven, Belgium. Eds.. Goovaerts M J, Vandewalle S, Van Daele M,
             Wuytack L
            J. Comput.Appl.Math , 218(2)290-306.                                             ISSN:0377-0427
            http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377042707000738
            DOI:10.1016/j.cam.2007.02.001
            15 references > K28,K29,K31,R67,R257-R267
            5+8=13 citations < K28,K29,K31,K35,K40,C16,C20,C23,C26,C27,C28,C29,C35
K31    Koçak
M Ç 2008
          Simple geometry facilitates iterative solution of a nonlinear equation via a special transformation to accelerate
                convergence to third order

          The Proceedings of the Twelfth International Congress on Computational and Applied Mathematics
           (ICCAM2006), 10-14 July 2006, Leuven, Belgium. Eds.. Goovaerts M J, Vandewalle S, Van Daele M,
           Wuytack L
           J. Comput.Appl.Math,  218(2)350-363                                               ISSN:0377-0427
           http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377042707001318
           DOI:10.1016/j.cam.2007.02.036
          13 references > K29,K30,R65,R67,R257-R260,R263-R266,R268
          9+4=13 citations < K29,K30,K35,K36,K37,K38,K39,K40,K41,C21,C27,C28,C29
K32    Koçak M Ç 2008
          Simulation optimises feedback control on the temperature of a heterogeneous batch reactor
           ChemPor 2008, 10th International Chemical and Biological Conference, 4-6 September 2008, Braga,
           Portugal.
           Book of abstracts (ed. E.C. Ferreira) pp.762-763
           3 references > K3,R65,R269
           1=1 citation < K34
K33    Koçak M Ç 2008
           Ostrowski’s fourth order method applied to flash calculations
           ChemPor 2008, 10th International Chemical and Biological Conference, 4-6 September 2008, Braga,
           Portugal
           3 references > K3,R65,R266
K34     Koçak M Ç 2009
            Use of Simulink’s non-linear S-function to Simulate Feedback Temperature Control of a Heterogeneous
           Batch Reactor

           Chemical Product and Process Modeling 4 (4), art. No. 15              ISSN:1934-2659 
           DOI: 10.2202/1934-2659.1358
            5 references > K3,K15,R269-R271
           1=1 citation < K40
K35    Koçak M Ç 2009
          Acceleration of iterative methods
          In Reports of the Third Congress of the World Mathematical Society of Turkic Countries,  Zhumagulov, B.T. (ed) Almaty, June 30–July 4, 2009, Kazakhstan, pp.103-11       ISBN: 978-601-240-063-2
          9 references > K28,K29,K30,R65,R67,R257,R258,R266,R272
          5=5 citations < K36,K38,K39,K40,K41
K36   Koçak M Ç 2011
         Simple, Robust, and Fast Iterative Solution of Underwood’s Equation for Minimum Reflux
         Chemical engineering research and design, 89(2011) 197–205         ISSN:0263-8762
         http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0263876210001681
         DOI:10.1016/j.cherd.2010.05.006
         22 references > K31,K35,R65,R67,R114,R257,R258,R266,R272-285
         1+4=5 citations < K40,C30,C36,C38,C49
K37    Koçak M Ç 2011
          Ostrowski’s fourth-order iterative method speedily solves cubic equations of state
          J Comput.Appl.Math  235(16)pp. 4736-4741                                      ISSN:0377-0427
          http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377042710005042
           9 references > K31,R65,R67,R257,R258,R266,R277,R281,R286
          1+1=2 citations < K40,C41
K38    Koçak M Ç 2011
          Second Derivative of an Iterative Solver Boosts Its Acceleration by Koçak’s Method
          Applied Mathematics and Computation, 218 (3) pp. 893-898            ISSN:0096-3003
          http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0096300311006163
           DOI:10.1016/j.amc.2011.04.046
          8 references > K31,K35,R65,R67,R257,R258,R266,R281
          2=2 citations < K39,K41
K39    Koçak M Ç 2013
           Koçak’s method shows that an unwittingly exaggerated convergence order is in fact 2
           Applied Mathematics and Computation, 219 (2013) 10053-10058   ISSN:0096-3003
           http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0096300313002877
           DOI:10.1016/.j.amc.2013.03.034
           5 references > K31,K35,K38,R266,R287
           1=1 citation < K40
K40    Koçak M Ç 2014
          Koçak’s double linearization loop renders a one-point, one-go nonlinear equation solver
           Applied Mathematics and Computation, 248 (2014) 494-502           ISSN:0096-3003
           http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0096300314013551
           DOI:10.1016/.j.amc.2014.09.120
           12 references > K3,K15,K30,K31,K34,K35,K36,K37,K39,R65,R266,R269
K41    Koçak M Ç 2014
          Koçak’s acceleration method smoothly gears up iterative solvers
          Presented at IECMSA 2012 in Prishtine, Kosovo
           Konuralp J of Mathematics, 2(2)109-119 (2014)                               ISSN:2147-625X
           http://konuralpjournalmath.com/matder/dosyalar/makale-108/kocak.pdf
           9 references > K31,K35,K38,R65,R67,R257,R258,R266,R281
K42    Koçak M Ç, Sobh N 2017
          Koçak’s nonlinear least squares workbench fits standard linear solids models used in characterization of viscoelastic materials by nanoindentation
          Presented at Ancon 2017, International congress on chemistry and materials science, Ankara, Turkey
           In: Koçak S B, Üstündağ Z (eds.), book of abstracts, p.56               ISBN: 978-605-245-971-3
           1 reference > R289
K43    Koçak M Ç 2017
          A nonlinear least squares workbench with variable projection
          Presented at Ancon 2017, International congress on chemistry and materials science, Ankara, Turkey
          In: Koçak S B, Üstündağ Z (eds.), book of abstracts, p.221            ISBN: 978-605-245-971-3
         2 references > R290,R291
CITATIONS:
49 publications have given me 54 citations so far.
LABEL
PUBLICATION                                                                                                                                              

C1       Bidin A R 1981                                                                                                1981(1)
            A Study and Application of  ACES
            M.Sc. Thesis, Aston University, U.K.
            Cited > K3
C2        Ogbonda J E 1988                                                                                         1988(2)
            Dynamic Simulation of Chemical Plant
            Ph.D. Thesis, Aston University, U.K
            Cited > K3
C3      Fletcher J P, Ogbonda J E 1988
           A Modular Equation-oriented Approach to Dynamic Simulation of Chemical Processes
           Comput Chem Engng, 12(5)401-405
           Cited > K3
C4      Cera D 1989                                                                                                     1989(1)
          Parallel dynamic simulation of a distillation column on the BNN butterfly parallel processor computer
          Comput Chem Engng, 13(7)737-752
          Cited > K4
C5      Özcengiz G 1996                                                                                              1996(1)
           Biotechnological Developments in Turkey
            Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 16(1)53-94         I                        SSN: 0738-8551
            Cited > K16
C6      Aguado J, Serrano D P, Vicente G, Sánchez N 2006                                       2006(3)
           Effect of decalin solvent on the thermal degradation of HDPE
           Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 14(4)375-384
           Cited > K23, K25
C7      Bilgesü A Y, Altın S 2006
           Hydrogenation of liquid pyrolysis products of polyethylene waste
           Chisa 2006 17th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, 27-31 August 2006, Prague,
           Czech Republic.
           Cited > K25
C8      Karaduman A, Alp E, Yeniova H, Alibeyli R 2007                                             2007(4)
           Poly-functional catalyst development for benzene production from alkyl-aromatic mixture via
           hydrodealkylation

           Petroleum Science and Technology 25 (4) 479-490
           Cited > K24
C9      Serrano D P , Aguado J, Vicente G,   Sánchez N 2007
           Effects of hydrogen-donating solvents on the thermal degradation of HDPE
           Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 78(1)194-199
           Cited > K25
C10     Sezer M, Karaduman A, Bilgesü A Y 2007
            Pyrolysis of Silopi asphaltee in the semi-batch reactor
            Journal of  the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 22(2)307-313
            Cited > K25
C11      Koç A, Bilgesü A Y 2007
             Catalytic and thermal oxidative pyrolysis of LDPE in a continuous reactor system
             Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 78(1)7-13
             Cited > K26
C12      Sezer M,  Bilgesü A Y, Karaduman A 2008                                                    2008(2)
             Flash pyrolysis of Silopi asphaltite in a free-fall reactor under vacuum
             Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 82(1)89-95
             Cited > K25
C13      Borodzinski A, Bond G C 2008
             Selective hydrogenation of ethyne in ethene-rich streams on palladium catalysts, Part 2: Steady-state
              kinetics and effects of palladium particle size, carbon monoxide, and promoters

              Catalysis Reviews – Science and engineering, 50 (3) 379-469
               (DOI:10.1080/01614940802142102)
              Cited > K22
C14      Koç A, Şimşek E H, Bilgesü A Y 2009                                                           2009(3)
             Oxidative thermal degradation of LDPE and the determination of some thermodynamic quantitites
             Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 85 (1-2)380-383
              Cited > K26
C15      Vicente G, Aguado J, Serrano D P, Sánchez N 2009
             HDPE chemical recycling promoted by phenol solvent
             Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 85(1,2)366-371
             Cited > K23
C16      Kyurkchiev N, Iliev A 2009
             A note on the constructing of nonstationary methods for solving nonlinear equations with raised speed of
             convergence

             Serdica J Computing, 3(-)47-74
             Cited > K30
C17      Baraniec-Mazurek I, Mianowski A 2010                                                         2010(7)
             Liquid fuel from waste polyolefins part I: Thermal and pressure degradation of waste polyolefins in tetralin as
              H-donor model system

              Chemical Engineering Journal, 163(3)284-292
              Cited > K23    
C18      Miranda M, Pinto F, Gülyurtlu I, Cabrita I, Noguera C A, Matos A 2010
             Response surface methodology optimization applied to rubber tyre and plastic wastes thermal conversion
             Fuel, 89(9)2217-2229
             Cited > K26
C19      Shah J, Jan M R, Mabood F, Jabaen F 2010
             Catalytic pyrolysis of LDPE leads to valuable resource recovery and reduction of waste problems
              Energy Conversion and Management, 51(12) 2791-2801     (DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2010.06.016)
              Cited > K26
C20      Oftadeh R, Nikkhah-Bahrami M, Najafi A 2010
             A novel cubically convergent iterative method for computing complex roots of nonlinear equations
             Applied Mathematics and Computation, 217(6)2608-2618
             Cited > K30
C21      De Ridder K 2010
             Bulk transfer relations for the roughness sublayer
             Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 134(2)257-267
             Cited > K31
C22      Felpin F-X, Fouquet E 2010
             A useful, reliable and safer protocol for hydrogenation and the hydrogenolysis of o-benzyl groups: The in
            situ preparation of an active Pd O/C catalyst with well-defined properties

             Chemistry – A European Journal, 16(41)12440-12445     ( DOI: 10.1002/chem.201001377)
             Cited > K22
C23      Iliev A, Kyurkciev N 2010
             Nontrivial methods in numerical analysis: selected topics in numerical analysis
              LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, ISBN: 978-3-8433-6793-6
              Cited > K30
C24      Carneiro D da S, Marques M R da C 2011                                                     2011(7)
             Co-pyrolysis of polyethylene waste with the campos bacia heavy oil
             Polimeros, 21(5)347-352     ( Doi: 10.1590/S0104-14282011005000074)
             Cited > K26
C25      Butler E, Devlin G, McDonnel K, 2011
             Waste polyolefins to liquid fuels via pyrolysis:  review of commercial state-of-the-art and recent laboratory
             research
         
    Waste and biomass valorization 218(3)227-255     (DOI: 10.1007/s12649-011-9067-5)
              Cited > K27
C26      Amat S, Busquier S, Guiterrez M 2011
             Third-order iterative methods with applications to Hammerstein equations: A unified approach
             J of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 235(9)2936-2943
             Cited > K30
C27      Sha F, Tan X 2011
             A class of iterative methods of third order for solving nonlinear equations
              International J of Nonlinear Science, 11(2)165-167
             Cited > K30,K31
C28      Sha F, Tan X 2011
             An iterative formula with a parameter function for solving nonlinear equations
             International J of Nonlinear Science, 11(3)325-329
             Cited > K30,K31
C29      Carrero-Mantilla J I 2012                                                                                2012(3)
            The numerical problems within analytical methods of solution for cubic equations of state
             Ingenieria y Competividad, 14(1)75-89
             Cited > K30,K31
C30      Vacahern, Monroy-Loperena 2012
            Computing all the roots of   equations by a matrix-based approach
            Cherd, 90(2012)1697-1700
            Cited > K36
C31      Miranda M., Pinto F, Gülyurtlu I, Cabrita I  2013                                            2013(5)
             Pyrolysis of rubber tyre wastes: A kinetic study
             Fuel, 103(SI)542-552     ( Doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2012.06.114)
             Cited > K26
C32      Dimov M, Tasheva Y,  Petkov P 2013
             Utilisation of protect vulcanates by thermal destruction
             Oxidation Communications,  35(1)221-227
             Cited > K23
C33      Pinto F, Paradela F, Gülyurtlu İ, Ramos  A M 2013
             Prediction of liquid yields from the pyrolysis of waste mixtures using response surface methodology
             Fuel Processing Technology, 116(-) 271-283
             Cited > K26
C34      Andreikov E I, Amosova I S, Yu A, Pervova M G 2013
             Pyrolysis of polyolefins in high boiling solvents
             Solid Fuel Chemistry, 47(4)209-219
             Cited > K23
C35       McNamee J M, Pan V Y (eds) 2013
              Numerical methods for roots of polynomials – part II
              Book series – Studies in computational maths, 16, pp.1-718, Elsevier     (ISBN: 978-0-444-52730-1)
              Cited > K30
C36       Fatoorehchi H, Abolghasemi H 2014                                                            2014(6)
              Approximating the minimum reflux ratio of multicomponent distillation columns based on the Adomian
              decomposition method

              J Taiwan Inst Chem Engineers, 45(3)880-886
              Cited > K36
C37       Kannan P, Shoaibi A A, Srinivasakannan  2014
             Temperature effects on the yield of gaseous olefins from waste polyethylene via flash pyrolysis
              Energy&Fuels, 28(2014)3363-3366     ( dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef500516n)
              Cited > K25, K27
C38       Nichita D V, Leibovici C F 2014
              Rapid and robust resolution of Underwood equations using convex transformations
              Comp&Chem Eng, 71(2014)574-590
              Cited > K36
C39      Jamradloedluk J, Lertsatitthanakoran C 2014
             Characterization and utilization of char derived from fast pyrolysis of plastic wastes
              Procedia engineering, 14(6)1437-1442
              Cited > K27
C40      Jamradloedluk J, Lertsatitthanakoran C 2014
             Characterization and utilization of char derived from fast pyrolysis of plastic wastes
             Advanced materials research, 931-932(2014)849-853
             Cited > K27
C41      Ziapour B M, 2015                                                                                          2015(4)
            An intensified analytic solution for finding the roots of a cubic equation of state in low temperature region
             J of molecular liquids, 206(2015)165-169
             Cited > K37
C42      Tian L, Jiang D, Qian 2015
             Reactor system switch strategy for acetylene hydrogenation process
             Huagong Xuebao/CIESC Journal,  66(2015)373-377
             Cited > K22
C43       Silva W P N, Nascimento A E G, Moura M C P A, Oliveira H N M, Neto E L B 2015
             Study of phenol removal by cloud point extraction: A process optimization using experimental design
              Separation and Purification Technology, 152(-)133-139
              Cited > K26
C44      Yun Y M, Seo M W, Ra H W, Koo G H,Yoon S J, Kim Y K, Lee J G, Kim J H 2015
              Pyrolysis characteristics of glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GFRP) under isothermal conditions
              Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 114(-)40-56
               doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2015.04.013
              Cited > K25
C45       Nguyen D M, Vu T T, Grillet A-C, Thuc H H, Thuc C N H 2016                     2016(2)
              Effect of organoclay on morphology and properties of linear low density polyethylene and Vietnamese
              cassava starch biobased blend

              Carbohydrate Polymers, 136(-)163-170
             Cited > K26
C46      Tian L, Hu G, Du W, Qian F 2016
             Comprehensive CFD simulation of the optimizations of geometric structures and operating parameters for
              industrial acetylene hydrogenation reactors

              Canadian J of Chemical Engineering, 94(12) 2427-2435
              Cited > K22
C47       Wu X, Lei B, Zhang K, Cheng M 2017                                                          2017(3)
              Hybrid stochastic optimization for optimal control problems of chemical processes
              Chemical engineering research and design, 126(2017)297-310
              http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026387621730432X
              Cited > K22
C48       Czajczynska D, Anguilano L, Ghazal H, Krzyzynska R, Reynolds A J, Spencer N, Jouhara H 2017
              Potential pyrolysis processes in the waste management sector
              Thermal science and engineering progress, 3(2017)171-197
               Cited > K25
C49        Danish M, Mubashir M, Zaidi S 2017
              An improved restarted Adomian-based solution for the minimum reflux ratio of multicomponent distillation
              columns

              Indian chemical engineer, DOI: 10.1080/00194506.2017.1301225           ISSN: 0975-007X
               Cited > K36
REFERENCES:
LABEL DESCRIPTION                                                                                                                                                   
R1         - 1976
             Chem Eng, 72(9)104-105.
R2        Griesmer G J, Avery W F, Lee M N Y 1965
             Hydrocarbon Proc and Petr Ref, 44(6)147-150
R3        Copper D E, Griswold H E, Lewis R M, Stokeld R W 1966
             Chem Eng Prog, 62(4)69-73
R4        Sterba M J 1965
             Hydrocarbon Proc and Petr Ref, 44(6)151-153
R5        Collins J J 1968
             Where to use molecular sieves
             Chem Eng Prog, 64(8)66-71
R6        Kraychy P N, Masuda A 1966
             Oi,l and Gas J, 64(32)66
R7        Armstrong T 1967
            Oi,l and Gas J, 65(7)116-119
R8        Kennedy J L 1967
             Oi,l and Gas J, 65(38)75-79
R9        Michelson K J, Price C D 1970
            Chem Eng Prog, 66(5)73-74
R10      Hales G E 1971
            Chem Eng Prog, 67(11)49-53
R11      - 1973
            Hydrocarbon Proc, 52(4)67
R12     Collins J J, Fornoff L L, Manchanda K D, Miller W C, Lovell D C 1974
            Chem Eng Prog, 70(6)58-62
R13     Davies G D, Beckham R D, Fannin L W
            US patent, no. 3 377 294
R14     Symoniak M F, Reber R A, Victory R M 1973
            Hydrocarbon Proc, 52(5)101-104
R15     Breck D W 1974
            Zeolite molecular sieves: structure, chemistry and use
            Wiley
R16     Mays R L, Pickert P E, Bolton A P, Lanewala M A 1965
           Oil and Gas J, 63(20)91
R17     Ward J W 1971
           The nature of active sites on zeolites. XII. The acidity and catalytic activity of transition metal Y zeolites
            J Catal, 22(-)237-244
R18     Gallei E, Eisenbach D, Ahmed A 1974
            J Catal, 33(-)62-67
R19     Yashima T, Ahmad H, Yamazaki K, Katsuta M, Hara N 1970
             J Catal, 16(-)273-280
R20      Mochida I, Hayata S, Kato A, Seiyama T 1971
             J Catal, 23(-)31-37
R21     Rudham R, Sanders M K 1972
            J Catal, 27(-)287-292
R22     Moshida I, Takeshita K 1974
            J Phy Chem, 78(16)1653-1657
R23     Dyer A, Gettins R B, Brown J G 1970
           The mobility of cations in synthetic zeolites with the faujasite framework – I
               The mobility of cations in homo- and heteroionic forms of X and Y zeolites

            J Inorg Nucl Chem, 32(-)2389-2394
R24     Barry T I, Lay L A 1966
           Selective exchange of cation sites in zeolites observed by electron spin resonance of Mn2+ - I. Linde X
           J Phy Chem Solids, 27(-)1821-1831
R25     Barry T I, Lay L A 1968
           Selective exchange of cation sites in zeolites observed by electron spin resonance of Mn2+ - I. Linde Y
            J Phy Chem Solids, 29(-)1395-1405
R26     Tikhomoro N N, Nikolaeva I V, Rosalovskaya E N, Demkin V V, Topchieva K  1975
            Electron spin resonance study of various cation-exchanged zeolites. Absorption of various species
            J Catal, 40(-)61-66
R27     Dyer A, Gettins R B, Townsend R P 1970
           The mobility of cations in synthetic zeolites with the faujasite framework – II
               The mobility of Calcium, strontium and barium ions in zeolite at high temperatures

            J Inorg Nucl Chem, 32(-)2395-2400
R28     Dyer A, Gettins R B 1970
           The mobility of cations in synthetic zeolites with the faujasite framework – III
                 Self-diffusion of cations into X and Y zeolites from non-aqueous solutions

            J Inorg Nucl Chem, 32(-)2401-2410
R29     Dyer A, Townsend R P 1973
            The mobility of cations in synthetic zeolites with the faujasite framework – IV
                 The mobility of zinc in X and Y zeolites

           J Inorg Nucl Chem, 35(-)2993-2999
R30     Dyer A, Townsend R P 1973
           The mobility of cations in synthetic zeolites with the faujasite framework – V
                 The self-diffusion of zinc into X and Y zeolites

            J Inorg Nucl Chem, 35(-)3001-3008
R31    Dyer A, Ogden A B 1975
          The mobility of cations in synthetic zeolites with the faujasite framework – VI
                The mobility of cobalt and nickel in X and Y zeolites

           J Inorg Nucl Chem, 37(-)2207-2210
R32     Dyer A, Ogden A B 1974
           J Chromatography, 102(-)95-98
R33     Barri S A 1976
            M. Sc. dissertation, Salford University, U.K.
R34     Carman P C, Haul R 1954
            Proc R Soc Ser A, 222(-)109
R35     Barrer R M 1940
            Proc R Soc, 52(-)58
R36     Horrocks D L 1974
           Applications of liquid scintillation counting
           Academic Press, New York
R37     Hendee W R 1973
           Radioactive isotopes in biological research
           John Wiley&Sons, New York
R38     Faires R A, Parks B H 1973
           Radioisotopes laboratory techniques
           Butterworths, London
R39     Gelsema W J, deLigny C L, Luten J B, Vossenberg F G A 1975
            The use of the Cerenkov effect in the counting of β- and γ- emitting radionuclides
            Int J Appl Rad Isotopes, 26(8)443-450
R40     Lederer C M, Hollander J M, Perlman I 1967
           Table of isotopes
           John Wiley&Sons
R41     Tada A, Radoszewski T 1971
            Liquid scintillation counting
            Vol 1, p.49, Ed. A Dyer, Heyden&Sons
R42      de Volpi A, Porges K G A 1965
             Int J Appl Rad Isotopes, 16(-)496
R43     Dyer A 1974
           An introduction to liquid scintillation counting
           Heyden&Sons
R44     Townsend R P 1972
            Ph.D. thesis, Salford University, U.K.
R45     Olson D H 1970
            J Phy Chem, 74(-)2758
R46     Yanagida R Y, Vance T B, Seff K 1974
            Inorg Chem, 13(3)723-727
R47     Smith J V, Bennet J M, Flanigen E M 1967
            Dehydrated Lanthanum-exchanged type Y zeolite
            Nature, 215(July 15)241-244
R48     Hunter F D, Scherzer J 1971
           J Catal, 20(-)246-259
R49    Akhtar N, McGrath L, Roberts P D 1979
           Dynamic modelling and partial simulation of a pilot scale column crystaliser
           Desalination, 28(-)1-11
R50    Amundson N R 1966
           Mathematical methods in chemical engineering
           Vol.1. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R51    Bobrow S, Ponton J W, Johnson A I 1971
           Simulation of the transient behavior of complex chemical plants using a modular approach
            Can J Chem Engg, 49(-)391-397
R52     Brewer J W 1974
            Control systems: analysis,design, and simulation
            Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R53     Brignell J E, Rhodes G M 1975
            Laboratory on-line computing
            International Textbook Company Limited, London
R54    Chu Y 1969
           Digital simulation of continuous systems
           McGraw-Hill Book Company, New york
R55     Crowe C M, Hamielec A E, Hoffman T W, Johnson A I, Shannon P T, Woods D R 1969
            Chemical plant simulation
             McMaster University Publishing Department
R56     Daie S 1980
           Computer control of chemical plants with special reference to distillation column control
            Ph.D. thesis in preparation, The University of Aston, Birmingham
R57     Edwards E, Lees F P 1973
            Man and computer in process control
            Charlesworth and Co. Ltd, Huddersfield
R58     Elzas M S 1979
            What is needed for robust simulation?
            In: Zeigler B P, Elzas M S, Klir G J, Ören T I (eds), Methodology in systems modelling and simulation
            North Holland, Amsterdam p 57-91
R59     Enright W H 1978
            Improving the efficiency of matrix operations in the numerical solution of stiff ordinary differential equations
            ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software 4(-)127-136
R60     Enright W H, Hull T E 1978
           Comparing numerical methods for the solution of stiff systems of ODEs arising in chemistry
            In: Lapidus L, Schiesser W E (eds) Numerical methods for differential systems: recent developments in
           algorithms, software, and applications
, pp. 45-66
            Academic Press, London
R61    Evans L B, Seider W D 1976
          The requirements of an advanced computing system
           Chem Engg Prog 72(-)80-83
R62    Farabi H 1978
          The cascade control of a partially simulated CSTR
           Ph.D. thesis, The University of Aston, Birmingham
R63    Forsythe G E, .Moler C B 1967
           Computer solution of linear algebraic systems
           Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R64    Fowler J R, Harvey D J 1978
          Dynamic simulation of a PVC process
          Chem Eng Prog, 74(-)61-66
R65    Franks R G E 1972
           Modeling and simulation in chemical engineering
           John Wiley and Sons, New York
R66    Franks R G E, Miller D N 1979
           Computed temperature-time excursions at succeeding locations in an industrial reactor
           Simulation, 32(-)123-132
R67    Fröberg C-E 1972
           Introduction to numerical analysis
           Addison-Wesley Publishing Co, Massachusetts
R68    Gear C W 1971
           Numeric initial value problems in ordinary differential equations
           Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R69    Goh P K C 1978
           Simulation in chemical engineering
           M.Sc. thesis, The University of Aston, Birmingham
R70    Harvey D J, Fowler J R 1976
           Putting evaporators to work: dynamic process modelling of a quadruple effect evaporator
           Chem Eng Prog, 72(-)47-52
R71    Hindmarsh A C, Byrne G D 1976
          Applications of EPISODE: an experimental package for the integration of ordinary differential equations
           In: Lapidus L, Schiesser W E (eds) Numerical methods for differential systems: recent developments in
           algorithms, software, and applications
, pp. 147-166  
          Academic Press, London
R72    Hon V M L, Chen C S, Marsaioli A 1979
          Computer simulation of dynamic behaviour in vacuum operation of tomato paste
          Transactions of ASAE, 22(-)215-218
R73    ICL SLAM Manual 1974
          International Computers Limited
R74    Ingham J, Dunn I J 1974
          Digital simulation of stagewise processes with backmixing
          Chemical Engineer, (286)354-367
R75    Jacoby S L S, Kowalik J S 1980
           Mathematical modelling with computers
           Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R76    Jennings A 1977
          Matrix computation for engineers and scientists
          John Wiley and Sons, London
R77    Jenson V G, Jeffreys G V 1977
          Mathematical methods in chemical engineering
          Academic Press, London
R78    Johnson A I, Lozada A, Anvari M, Stephanopoulos G, Weng P 1975
          Steady state and dynamic studies of a multi-product chemical plant
          Can J Chem Engg, 53(-)340-345
R79   Johnson A I, Barney J R 1976
         Numerical solution of large systems of stiff ordinary differential equations in a modular simulation framework
          In: Lapidus L, Schiesser W E (eds) Numerical methods for differential systems: recent developments in
          algorithms, software, and applications
, pp. 97-124
         Academic Press, London
R80    Kim C, Friedly J C 1974
           Approximate dynamic modelling of large staged systems
           Ind Eng Process Des Dev 13(-)177-181
R81     Koenig HE, Tokad Y, Kesevan HK, Hedges H G 1967
           Analysis of discrete physical systems
           McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York
R82     Korn G A, Wait J W 1978
           Digital continuous-system simulation
           Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R83     Lee W, Weekman V W (Jr) 1976
           Advanced control practice in the chemical industry: a view from industry
            AIChE J, 22(-)27-38
R84    Luyben W L 1973
           Process modelling, simulation, and control for chemical engineers
           McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York
R85     Martin E N 1979
           The modelling of injectors, pumps, and compressors in process simulation
            Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control, 1(-)67-73
R86    Maudsley D 1978
          An approach to the mathematical modelling of dynamic systems
          Measurement and Control, 11(-)181-189
R87    Mitchell E E L, Gauthier J S 1976
          Advanced continuous simulation language (ACSL)
          Simulation, 26(-)72-78
R88    Motard R L, Shacham M, Rosen E M 1975
          Steady state chemical process simulation
          AIChE J, 21(-)417-436
R89     Mukesh D 1980
           Dynamics of a continuous stirred tank reactor for different reaction orders
           Ph.D. thesis, The University of Aston, Birmingham
R90    Myers A L, Seider W D 1976
           Introduction to chemical engineering and computer calculations
           Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R91    Ord-Smith R J, Stephenson J 1975
           Computer simulation of continuous systems
           Cambridge University Press, Cmbridge
R92    Ören T I 1977
           Software for simulation of combined continuous and discrete systems: a state of the art review
            Simulation, 28(-)33-45
R93    Overturf B W, Reklaitis G V, Woods J M 1978
          GASP IV and the simulation of batch/semi-continuous operations: single train process
           Ind Eng Process Des Dev, 13(-)161-165
R94    Overturf B W, Reklaitis G V, Woods J M 1978
            GASP IV and the simulation of batch/semi-continuous operations: parallel train process
           Ind Eng Process Des Dev, 13(-)161-165
R95    Perry R H, Chilton C H 1973
           Chemical Engineer’s Handbook
           McGraw-Hill Kogakusha Limited, Tokyo
R96     Ponton J W, Johnson A I, Browne P 1972
           Application of a modular computer simulation system to the control of a reactor train
           Can J Chem Engg 50(-)275-280
R97    Pritsker A A B 1974
          The GASP IV Simulation language
          John Wiley and Sons, New York
R98    Pritsker A A B, Pegden C D 1979
          Introduction to simulation and SLAM
          John Wiley and Sons, New York
R99    Ramirez W F 1976
           Process simulation
           Lexington Books, Toronto
R100  Robinson E R 1975
           Time dependent chemical processes
           Applied Science Publishers, London
R101  Rosenbrock H H, Storey C 1970
           Mathematics of dynamical systems
           Nelson and Sons Limited, London
R102  Schall M, Aschner F S 1978
           Dynamic behavior of thin film sea water evaporators
           Desalination, 25(-)233-252
R103  SCI Simulation Software Committee 1967
           The SCI continuous system simulation language (CSSL)
           Simulation, 9(-)281-303
R104  Seinfeld J H, Lapidus L, Hwang M 1970
           Review of numerical integration techniques for stiff ordinary differential equations
           Ind Eng Fundamentals, 9(-)266-275
R105  Shah M J 1976
           Engineering simulation using small scientific computers
           Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R106  Shah S N 1977
           A CSMP example for chemical engineering
           Simulation, 29(-)88-92
R107  Shampine L F, Gear C W 1979
           A user’s view of solving stiff ordinary differential equations
           SIAM review, 2(-)1-17
R108  Smith C L, Pike R W, Murrill P W 1970
           Formulation and optimisation of mathematical models
           International Textbook Company, Pennsylvania
R109  Speckhardt F H, Green W L 1976
           A guide to using CSMP – the continuous system modelling program
           Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
R110  Stainthorp F P, Benson R S 1974
          Computer aided design of process control systems
          Chemical Engineer, (289)531-535
R111  Stainthorp F P, Valdman B 1979
          Strategies for the computer aided design of control systems
           Paper presented at the Institution of Chemical Engineers Design 79 Symposium, Birmingham
R112  Stephenson R E 1971
          Computer simulation for engineers
          Harcourt Brace Jovanovic, New York
R113  Stutzman L F, Deschard F, Morgan R, Koup T 1976
           FAST: a tarnslator fort he solution of stiff and nonlinear differential and algebraic equations
            In: Lapidus L, Schiesser W E (eds) Numerİcal methods for differential systems: recent developments in
           algorithms, software, and applications
, pp. 125-146
           Academic Press, London
R114  Winkle M V 1967
           Distillation
           McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York
R115  Smith B D 1963
           Design of equilibrium stage processes
           McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York
R116  Fagley J C, Carnahan B 1990
          The sequential-cluster method for dynamic chemical simulation
          Computers Chem Engng, 14(2)161-167
R117  Margaritis A, Merchant F J A, Abbott B J 1983
          Advances in ethanol production using immobilised cell systems
          Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 1(4)339-393
R118  Gencer M A, Muthasaran R, 1983
           Ethanol fermentation in a yeast immobilized tubular fermentor
           Biotechnology&bioengineering, 25(9)2243-2262
R119  Luong J H T, Tseng M C 1984
           Process and technoeconomics of ethanol production by immobilized cells
          Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 19(4)207-216
R120  Yamane T, Shimizu S 1982
           The minimum sized ideal reactor for continuous alcohol fermentation using immobilized microorganisms
           Biotechnology&bioengineering, 24(12)2731-2737
R121  Daugulis A J, Swaine D E 1987
           Examination of substrate and product inhibition kinetics on the production of ethanol by suspended and
           immobilized cell reactors

           Biotechnology&bioengineering, 29(5)639-645
R122  Bird R B, Steward E W, Lightfoot E N 1960
           Transport phenomena
           John Wiley&Sons, New York
R123  Kurnaz (Mehmetoğlu) Ü 1984
          Serbest ve kalsiyum aljinat jelinde tutuklanmış Saccharomyces cerevisiae  ile etil alkol üretiminin karıştırmalı
           ve kolon tipi tepkime kaplarında incelenmesi
(in Turkish)
           Ph.D. thesis, Hacettepe University, Turkey
R124  Nguyen A L, Luong J H T 1986
           Diffusion in κ-carrageenan gel beads
           Biotechnology&bioengineering, 28(8)1261-1267
R125  Mochizuki S 1978
           Mass transport phenomena and hydrodynamics in packed beds with gas-liquid concurrent upflow
           AIChE J, 24(6)1138-1141
R126  Mehmetoğlu Ü, Çağlar A 1988
           Kalsiyum aljinat jelinde tutuklanmış S. cerevisiae ile dolgulu kolonda etil alkol üretimi     (in Turkish)
           Turk J Eng Envir Sci, 12(2)223-232
R127  Pişkin E 1987
           Polimer teknolojisine giriş     (in Turkish)
           Haccettepe Üniversitesi, Ankara
R128  Takamatsu T, Shiaya S, Okada Y 1988
           Molecular weight distribution control in a batch polymerization reactor
           I&E Chem Res, 27(-)93-99
R129  Cutler C R, Ramaker B L 1979
           Dynamic matrix control: a computer control algorithm
           AIChE meeting, Houston
R130  Prett D M, Gillette R D 1979
           Optimization and constrained multivariable control of a catalytic cracking unit
           AIChE meeting, Houston
R131  Cutler C R 1983
           Dynamic matrix control: an optimal multivariable control algorithm with constraints
           Ph.D. thesis, University of Houston
R132  Cutler D M, Hawkins R B 1998
           Application of a large predictive multivariable controller to a hydrocracker second stage reactor
           Proc Am Control Conf, Atlanta
R133  Prett D M, Garcia C M 1988
           Fundamental process control
           Butterworths, Stoneham
R134  Seborg D E, Edgar T F, Mellichamp D A 1989
           Process dynamics and control
           Wiley Series in Chemical Engineering, New York
R135  Luyben W L 1990
           Process modelling, simulation and control for chemical engineers
           McGraw-Hill International Edition, Second edition, Singapore
R136  Karagöz A R 1991
           Online Computer Control of a Batch Polymerisation Reactor
           M.Sc. thesis, Ankara University
R137  Ünal İ 1995
           Application of Dynamic Matrix Control to a Polymerisation Reactor
           M.Sc. thesis, Ankara University
R138   Abilov A G, Babayev A, Hasanov A, Aliyev F, Aliyarov R 1993
            Automatic control device in hydrogenation process of acetylenic compounds
           USSR patent, No. 1799374
R139  Abilov A G 1990
           Integrated multi-machine system with distributed databases for automation of research and design of
            chemical engineering processes

           10th Int Conf of Chem Eng Equipment Design&Automation, CHISA-90, 7, p.66, Prague
R140  Abilov A G 1995
           Interactive computer methods for establishing probable mechanism of complex reactions and identification of
           kinetic models through online experiments

           Proc 35th IUPAC Congress, Istanbul, Turkey
R141  Abilov A G 1980
           Use of formalised methods in design of computer-aided chemical industrial experiment system
            IFAC workshop, Comp Aided Cont Sys Des, pp.69-70, Baku, Azerbaijan
R142  Abilov A G 1980
          The principles of construction and architecture of an automatic experiment system for investigation and
           development of chemical engineering process

           Int J Comp & Chem Eng, 1(-)6
R143  Abilov A G, Abaskuliev K A, Pisaranko V N 1982
           The calculation of an industrial reactor for ethylene purification over low temperature catalyst
           Sixth European Plastic Conference, Paris, France
R144  Abilov A G, 1984
           Principles of development of industrial synthesis of new catalytic processes based on automation researches
           5th Int Conf of Chem Eng Equipment Design & Automation, CHISA-84, 6, p.135, Prague
R145  Abilov A G, Yusufov R, Cafarov I 1987
           Process for automation control of single-flow two camara tubular furnace
           USSR Patent No. 1373717
R146  Abilov A G 1994
          The distributed control systems of catalytic process and technological complex in production of synthetic
           rubber

           Proc NATO-ASI methods of model based process control, Antalya, Turkey
R147  Tuchinski M R, Rodnich Y B 1979
           Matematiceskoe modelirovanie I optimizasia proliznich ustanovok (Chimia, .Moskova)
R148  Poronin A B, Fololeev G A 1981
           Neftechimia I nefetepererobotka, 8(-)36-45
R149  Jvanetski I M, Berenblum A S 1990
           Neftechemia, 30(4)453-457
R150  Golodets G I, Pavlenko N B, Tripolski A I 1987
           Kinetika I Kataliz, 5(-)883-889
R151  Williams E A, Williams P T 1997
           Analysis of products obtained from the fast pyrolysis of plastic waste
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 40-41(-)347-363
R152  Liu Y, Qian J, Wang J 2000
           Pyrolysis of polystyrene waste in a fluidized bed reactor to obtain styrene monomer and gasoline fraction
           Fuel Proc Tech, 63(1)45-55
R153  Scott D S, Czernik S R, Piskorz J, Radlein A G 1990
           Fast pyrolysis of plastic wastes
           Energy Fuels, 4(-)407-411
R154  Sato S, Murakata T, Baba S, Saito Y, Watanabe S 1990
           Solvent effect on thermal degradation of polystyrene
           J Appl Polym Sci, 40(11,12)2065-2071
R155  Karaduman A, Şimşek E H, Çiçek B, Bilgesü A Y 2001
           Flash pyrolysis of polystyrene wastes in a free-fall reactor under vacuum
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 60(2)179-186
R156  Williams P T, Williams E A 1999
           Fluidised bed pyrolysis of low density polyethylene to produce petrochemical feedstock
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 51(1-2)107-126
R157  Kaminsky W, Kim J S 1999
           Pyrolysis of mixed plastics into aromatics
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 51(1,2)127-134
R158  Onu P, Vasile C, Ciocilteu S, Iojoiu E, Darie H 1999
           Thermal and catalytic decomposition of polyethylene and polypropylene
            J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 49(1,2)145-153
R159   Pinto F, Costa P, Gülyurtlu I, Cabrita I 1999
            Pyrolysis of plastic wastes 1. Effect of plastic waste composition on product yield
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 51(1,2)39-55
R160  Simon C M, Kaminsky W, Schlesselmann B 1996
           Pyrolysis of polyolefins with steam to yield olefins
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 38(1,2)75-87
R161  Scott D S, Majerski P, Piskorz J, Radlein D, Barnickel M 999
           Production of liquid fuel from waste plastics
          Can J Chem Eng, 77(October)1021-1027
R162  Bremner T, Rudin A 1990
           Melt flow index values and molecular weight distributions of commercial thermoplastics
           J Appl Polym Sci, 41(-)1617-1627
R163  Shyichuk A V 1996
           How to measure the degradation index by viscometry
           J Appl Polym Sci, 62(-)1735-1738
R164  Milne B J, Behie A I, Berruti F 1999
          Recyling of waste plastics by ultrapyrolysis using an internally circulating fluidized bed reactor
          J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 51(1,2)157-166
R165  Uemichi Y, Makino Y, Kanazuka T 1989
           Degradation of polypropylene to aromatic hydrocarbons over Pt- and Fe-containing activated carbon catalysts
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 16(-)229-238
R166  Akhundova R R, Aliev R M, Kambarov Yu G, Nadyafov N N 1981
           Co-conversion of aromatic and nonaromatic hydrocarbons by thermal hydrogenation (in Russian)
           Khimiya I Tekhnologiya Topliv I Masel, 7(-)5-7
R167  Aliev R M, Kambarov Yu G, Grishkan I A, Akhondova R R, Dadashev T B 1978
           Kinetic peculiarity of high temperature catalytic toluene hydrodealkylation (in Russian)
           Neftekhimiya,  XVIII(2)182-188
R168  Brooks C T 1967
           High pressure thermal hydrogenolysis of hydrocarbons
            Ind Eng Chem Proc Des Dev, 6(4)236-243
R169  Cichowlas A A, Wierzchowski P T, Zatorski 1993
           Hydrodealkylation of toluene on HZSM-5 zeolite
           Polish J Chem, 67(6)1067
R170  Dorogochinsky A Z, Gomikberg M G, Mitrofonor M G, Kupriyanov V A, Vovk L M 1961
           Homogeneous demethylation of toluene (in Russian)
           Neftekhimiya, 1(4)501-504
R171  Feigelman S, Lehman L M, Aristoff E, Pitts P M 1965
           Lowest cost route to benzene: thermally dealkylate toluene
           Hydrocarbon Proc Petrol Refiner, 44(12)147-150
R172  Honcock E G 1982
           Toluene, the xylenes, and their industrial derivatives
           Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co, New York
R173  Karine B, Towler G B 1997
           Process economics for commodity chemicals 1. Effect of fluctuating cost on design and optimization
            Ind Eng Chem Res 36(9)3727-3738
R174  Karine B, Towler G B 1997
           Process economics for commodity chemicals 2. Design of flexible processes
           Ind Eng Chem Res 36(9)3739-3755
R175  Khorasheh F, Radmanesh R, Kazemeini M 1998
           Mechanism discrimination in heterogeneous catalytic reactions: fractal analysis
           Ind Eng Chem Res 37(2)362-366
R176  Luyben M L 2000
           Effect of kinetic, design, and operating parameters on reactor gain
           Ind Eng Chem Res 39(7)2384-2391
R177   Masamune S, Fukuda J, Katada S 1967
           MHC: newest in hydrodealkylation
           Hydrocarbon Processing, 46(2)155-158
R178  Masamune S, Fukuda J, Katada S 1968
           First commercial MHC unit onstream
           Hydrocarbon Processing, 47(12)111-117
R179   - 1968
            Pyrotol
            Hydrocarbon Processing, 47(9)209
R180   - 1968
           Pyrotol
           Processing, 47(9)223
R181  Remires R 1968
           Naphte to ethylene route is source of benzene
           Chem Eng, Sept(19)92-94
R182  Setinek K, Pecev N, Bazant N 1968
           Katalytische entalkylierung von alkylaromatischen verbindungen XVII. Über die hydrogenolyse-kinetik von
           toluol und der xylole

           Collection Checkoslov Chem Commun, 33(5)1451-1461
R183  Setinek K, Beranek L, Bazant N 1970
           Kinetics of complex heterogeneous catalytic reactions. III. Kinetics and selectivity of consecutive
           demethylation of xylenes on a nickel catalyst

           Collection Checkoslov Chem Commun, 35(7)2158-2165
R184  Shull S E, Hixson A N 1966
           Kinetics of thermal hydrodealkylation of mesitylene, m-xylene, and toluene
           Ind Eng Chem Proc Des Dev, 5(2)146-150
R185  Torregrosa-Rodriguez P, Martinez-Escandell M, Rodriguez-Reinoso F, Mashh H, De Salazar C C, Palazon E
            R 2000
           Pyrolysis of petroleum residues: II. Chemistry of pyrolysis
           Carbon, 38(4)535-546
R186  Weiss A H, Friedman L 1963
           Development of Houdry Detol processes
           Ind Eng Chem Proc Des Dev, 2(2)163-168
R187  Weiss A H, Doelp L G 1964
           Kinetics of catalytic xylene hydrodealkylation
            Ind Eng Chem Proc Des Dev, 3(1)73-78
R188  Chunzong Y, Yulin W, Xuelnei Y, Richu Li 1994
           The study on the morphology of the catalysts before and after hydrodealkylation
           Shih Yu Hua Kung Petrochemical Technology, 23(1)11
R189  Zimmerman C C, York P 1964
           Thermal demethylation of toluene
           Ind Eng Chem Proc Des Dev, 3(3)254-258
R190  Grignashi C 1988
           Plastics recycling in Italy: legislation, industrial experiences, and future developments
          Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2(1)17-25
R191  - 1994
           Waste recycling
            UNEP Industry and Environment, June-July, 32-36
R192   Porteous A 1996
           Dictionary of environmental science and technology
           John Wiley & Sons, Chichester
R193  Mastral M, Murillo R, Callen M S, Garcia T 1999
          Application of coal conversion technology to tire processing
          Fuel Process Technol, 60(3)231-242
R194  Koo J-K, Kim S-W, Seo Y-H 1991
           Characterization of aromatic hydrocarbon formation from pyrolysis of polyethylene-polystyrene mixtures
           Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 5(4)365-382
R195  Pinto F, Costa P, Gülyurtlu I, Cabrita I 1999
           Pyrolysis of plastic wastes 1. Effect of catalyst on product yield
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 51(1,2)57-71
R196  Li A M, Li X D, Li S Q, Ren Y, Chi Y, Yan J H, Cen K F 1999
           Pyrolysis of solid waste in a rotary kiln: influence of final pyrolysis temperature on the pyrolysis products
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 50(2)149-162
R197  Blazso M, Zelei B J 1996
           Thermal decomposition of low-density polyethylene in the presence of iron and copper chlorides
            J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 36(2)149-158
R198  Feng Z, Zhao J, Rockwell J, Bailey D, Huffman G 1996
            Direct liquefaction of waste plastics and co-liquefaction of coal-plastic mixtures
            Fuel Process Technol, 49(-)17-30
R199  Mastral M, Murillo R, Perez-Surio M J, Callen M 1996
           Coal hydrocoprocessing with tires and tire components
            Energy Fuels, 10(3)941-947
R200  Chaala , Darmstadt H, Roy C J 1999
           Vacuum pyrolysis of electric cable wastes
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 39(1)79-96
R201  Bockhorn H, Hornung A, Hornung U, Schawaller D 1999
           Kinetic study on the thermal degradation of polypropylene and polyethylene
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 48(2)93-109
R202  Faravelli T, Bozzano G, Scassa C, Perego M, Fabibi S, Ranzi E, Dente M 1999
           Gas product distribution from polyethylene pyrolysis
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 52(1)87-103
R203  Kıran N, Ekinci E, Snape C E 2000
           Recycling of plastic wastes via pyrolysis
           Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 29(4)273-283
R204  Karaduman A 1998
            Investigation of plastic wastes recycling
            Ph.D. Thesis, Ankara University
R205  Ali S, Gerforth D H, Harris D J, Rawlence D J, Uemishi Y 2002
           Polymer waste recycling over used catalysts
           Catalyst Today, 75..81-4) 247 – 255
R206  Bagri R, Williams T P 2002
           Catalytic pyrolysis of polyethylene
           J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 63(1)29-41
R207  Walendziewski J 2002
            Engine fuel derived from waste plastics by thermal treatment
            Fuel, 81(4)473-481
R208  Mastral F J, Esperanza E, Garcia P, Juste M 2002
            Pyrolysis of high-density polyethylene in a fluidised bed reactor. Influence of the temperature and residence
            time

            J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 63(1)1-15
R209  Watanabe M, Mochiduki M, Sawamoto S, Adschiri T, Arai K 2001
           Partial oxidation of n-hexadecane and polyethylene in supercritical water
           J Supercrit Fluid, 20(-)257-266
R210  Schirmer J, Kim J S, Klemm E, 2001
           Catalytic degradation of polyethylene using thermal gravimetric analysis and a cycled-spheres-reactor
            J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 60(2)1-15
R211  Badilescu S, Badilescu I I 1991
           Infrared spectroscopic investigation of the catalytic oxidative pyrolysis of polyethylene
           Can J Appl Spectrosc, 36(3) 61-64
R212  Williams G, Kamal M R, Cooper D G 1993
           Thermo-oxidative degradation of linear low density polyethylene melts
            Polym Degrad Stabil, 42(1)61-68
R213  Kumar S 1999
           Plastics, rubbers, and textiles in the municipal solid waste
            Polym Plast Technol, 38(3)401-410
R214  Ding W, Liang J, Anderson L L, 1996
           Thermal and catalytic degradation of high density polyethylene and commingled post-consumer plastic waste
            Fuel Process Technol, 51(1,2) 47-62
R215  Karagöz S, Yanık J, Uçar S, Sağlam M, Song C 2003
           Catalytic and thermal degradation of high-density polyethylene in vacuum gas oil over non-acidic and acidic
            catalysts

            Appl Catal A: Gen, 242(1 )51-62
R216  Ceamanos J, Mastral J F, Milera A, Aldea M E 2002
           Kinetics of pyrolysis of high density polyethylene. Comparison of isothermal and dynamic experiments
            J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 65(2)93-110
R217   Ikura M, Stanciulescu M, Kelly J F 1999
            Short contact time thermal cracking of carbonaceous wastes to alpha olefins
            J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 51(1,2)89-105
R218  Montgomery D C 1997
           Design and analysis of experiments (4th ed)
            Wiley, New York
R219   Box G E P, Hunter W G, Hunter J S 1978
            Statistics for experimenters
            Wiley-Interscience, New York
R220  Wadsworth H M jr (ed) 1990
            Handbook of statistical methods for engineers and scientists
            McGraw-Hill, New York
R221  Badzioch S 1961
            Rapid and controlled decomposition of coal
            The British Coal Util Res Ass Monthly Bull, 25(8)285
R222  Pitt G J 1962
           The kinetics of the evolution of volatile products from coal
            Fuel, 41(-)276
R223  Loison R, Chauvin R 1964
           Pyrolyse rapide du carbon
           Chimie et Industrie, 91(-)269
R224  Edinger R T, Friedman L D, Rau E 1966
           Devolatilisation of coal in a transport reactor
           Fuel, 45(3)245
R225  Howard J B, Essenhigh R H 1967
           Pyrolysis of coal particles in pulverised fuel flumes
           Ind Eng Chem Proc Des Dev, 6(1)74
R226  Kimber G M, Gray M D 1967
           Rapid devolatilisation of small coal particles
            Combustion and Flame, 11(4)360
R227  Jüntgen H, van Heek K H 1968
           Gas release form coal as a function of the rate of heating
           Fuel, 47(2)103
R228  Menster M, O’Donell H J, Ergun S 1970
           Rapid thermal decomposition of bituminous coals
           Am Ch Soc Div Fuel Chem Prep, 14(5)94
R229  Badzioch S, Hawksley P G W 1970
           Kinetics of thermal decomposition of pulverised coal particles
           Ind Eng Chem Proc Des Dev, 9(4)521
R230  Anthony D B, Howard J B, Hottel H C, Meissner H P 1974
           Rapid devolatilisation of pulverised coal
           15th International Symp on Combustion, 25-31 Aug 1974, Tokyo, Japan  
R231  Belt R J, Roder M M 1973
           Low sulphur fuel by pressurised entrainment carbonisation of coal
           Advan Chem Ser, 127(-)121
R232  Green N W 1975
           Synthetic fuels from coal: the Garret process
           Clean Fuels from Coal Symp
           Inst Gas Tech, 3(-)299
R233  Kobayashi H, Howard J B, Sarofim A F 1976
           Coal devolatilisation at high temperatures
           16th Symp on Combustion, 15-20 Aug 1976, Cambridge, Massachusetts,
R234  Ubhayakar S K, Stickler D B, Gannon R E, von Rossenberg C W jr 1977
            Devolatilisation of pulverised coal during heating
            Engineering Aspects of Magnetohydrodynamics, 16(IX)2-8
R235  Nskala N, Walker P L jr, Essenhigh R H 1977
           Characteristics of chars produced by pyrolysis following rapid heating of pulverised coal
            US Dept of Chem Nat Tech Inform Service, FI-2030-Tr-2
R236  Torrest R S, van Meurs P 1980
           Laboratory studies of the rapid pyrolysis and desulfurisation of Texas lignite
           Fuel, 59(-)458
R237  Zanzi R, Sjöström K, Björnbom E 1996
           Rapid high-temperature pyrolysis of biomass in a free-fall reactor
           Fuel, 75(5)545-550
R238  Xu W –C, Kumagai M 2002
           Nitrogen evolution during rapid hydropyrolysis of coal
           Fuel, 81(18)2325-2334
R239  Xu W –C, Matsuoka K, Akiho, Kumagai M, Tomita A 2003
           High pressure hydropyrolysis of coals using a continuous free-fall reactor
           Fuel, 82(6)677-685
R240  Sugawara T, Sugawara K, Sato S, Chambers A K, Kovacik G, Ungarian D 1990
           Characteristics of rapid hydropyrolysis of coals in a free fall pyrolyser
           Fuel, 69(9)1177-1185
R241  Xu W –C, Kumagai M 2003
           Sulphur transformation during rapid hydropyrolysis of coal under high pressure using a continuous free fall
           pyrolyser

           Fuel, 82(3)245-254
R242  Li S, Xu S, Li S, Yang C, Lu Q 2004
           Fast pyrolysis of biomass in a free-fall reactor for hydrogen-rich gas
            Fuel Process Tech, 85(8-10 )1201-1211
R243  Erşahan H, Bilgesü A Y 1994
           Products from flash pyrolysis of Turkish Lignite in a free-fall reactor under vacuum
           Fuel Sci Tech Int, 12(11,12 )1475-1493
R244  Çiçek B, Bilgesü A Y, Şenelt M A, Pamuk V 1996
           Desulphurization of coals by flash pyrolysis followed by magnetic separation
            Fuel Process Tech, 46(2 )133-146
R245  Karaduman A 2001
           Flash pyrolysis of polystyrene wastes in a free-fall reactor under vacuum
           J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 60(2)179-186
R246  Nassar M M, Bilgesü A Y, MacKay G D M 1986
           Effect of inorganic salt on product composition during pyrolysis of black spruce
           Wood and Fibre Science, 18(2)3-10
R247  Curlee T R, Das S 1991
            Identifying and assessing targets of opportunity for plastics recycling
            Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 5(4)343-363
R248  Howell S G 1992
           A ten year review of plastics recycling
           J Hazard Mater, 29(2)143-164
R249  Dintcheva N T, Jilov N, la Mantia F P 1997
           Recycling of plastics from packaging
           Poly Degrad Stabil, 57(2)191-203
R250  Brewer G 1989
           Plastics Recycling Action Plan for Massachusetts—Part I
           J Environ Sys, 18(3)213-264
R251  Fletcher B L, Mackay M E 1996
           A model of plastics recycling: Does recycling reduce the amount of waste?
          Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 17(2)141-151
R252  Ehrig R J (ed) 1992
           Plastics recycling: products and processes
           Hanser Publishers, Munich
R253  Day M, Cooney C D, Touchette-Barrett C, Sheehan S E 1999
           Pyrolysis of mixed plastics used in the electronics industry
           J  Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 52(1,2)199-224
R254  Ohtani H, Yuyama T, Tsuge S, Plage B, Schulten H R 1990
           Study on thermal degradation of polystyrenes by pyrolysis-gas chromatography and pyrolysis-field ionization
            mass spectrometry

            Eur Polym J, 26(8)893
R255  McNeill J A, Zulfigar M, Kousar T 1990
            A detailed investigation of the products of the thermal degradation of polystyrene
            Poly Degrad Stabil, 28(2)131-151
R256  Marsh J A, Cha C Y, Guffey F D 1994
            Pyrolysis of waste polystyrene in heavy oil
           Chem Eng Commun, 129(1)69-78
R257  Fausette L V 2003
           Numerical methods: algorithms and applications
           Prentice-Hall, New Jersey
R258  Atkinson K E 1978
           An introduction to numerical analysis
           Wiley, New York
R259  Deiters U K 2002
           Calculation of densities from cubic equations of state
           AIChE J, 48(4)882-886
R260  Gander W 1985
           On Halley’s iteration method
           Amer Math Monthly, 92(2)131-134
R261 Gerlach J 1994
          Accelerated convergence in Newton’s method
          SIAM Rev, 36(2)272-276
R262  Hernandez M A, Romero N 2005
           Accelerated convergence in Newton’s method for approximating square roots
           J Comp Math, 177(1)225-229
R263  Nedzhibov G A 2005
           An acceleration of iterative processes for solving nonlinear equations
           Appl Math Comput , 168()320-332
R264  Pakdemirli M, Boyacı H 2007
           Generation of root finding algorithms via perturbation theory and some new formulas
            Appl Math Comput , 184(2)783-788
R265  Sharma J R 2007
           A family of third-order methods to solve nonlinear equations by quadratic approximation
           Appl Math Comput , 184(2)210-215
R266  Traub J F 1964
            Iterative methods for solution of equations
            Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ
R267  Weerakoon S, Fernando T G I 2000
            A variant of Newton’s method with accelerated third-order convergence
            Appl Math Lett, 13(8)87-93
R268  Frontini M, Sormani E 2003
           Modified Newton’s method with third-order convergence and multiple roots
           J. Comput.Appl.Math,  156()345-354
R269  Bequette B W 2003
           Process control: modelling, design and simulation
           Pearson Education, Inc, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey
R270  Coughanowr D R 1991
           Process systems analysis and control (Second ed.)
           McGraw-Hill Int Ed, New York
R271  Smith C A, Corripio A B 1985
           Principles and automatic process control
           John Wiley & Sons Inc, New York
R272  Carnahan B, Luther H A, Wilkes J O 1969
           Applied numerical methods
           John Wiley & Sons, New York
R273  Amale A, Lucia A 2008
           A two-level distillation method
           AIChE J, 54(11 )2888–2903
R274  Billingsley D S 2002
           Iterative solution for   equations
            Comput Chem Eng, 26(3 )457-460
R275  Diwekar U M, Madhavan K P 1991
           Multicomponent batch distillation column design
           Ind Eng Chem Res, 30(4)713-721
R276  Fenske M R 1932
           Fractionation of straight-run Pennsylvania Gasoline
           Ind Eng Chem, 24(5)482-485
R277  Gilliland E R 1940
           Multicomponent rectification. Estimation of the number of theoretical plates as a function of the reflux ratio
            Ind Eng Chem Res, 32(9)1220-1224
R278  Henley E J, Seader J D 1981
            Equilibrium stage separation operations in chemical engineering
            Wiley, New York
R279  Huerto-Garrido M E, Rico-Ramirez V 2004
           Simplified design of batch reactive distillation columns
            Ind Eng Chem Res, 43(14)4000-4011
R280  King C J 1980
           Separation processes (Second ed.)
            McGraw-Hill, New York
R281  Quarteroni A F, Sacco R, Saleri F 2000
            Numerical mathematics
            Springer-Verlag, New York
R282  Salomone H E, Chiotti O J, Iribaren A O 1997
            Short-cut design procedure for batch distillations
            Ind Eng Chem Res, 36(1)130-136
R283  Sundaram S, Evans B 1993
           Shortcut procedure for simulating batch distillation operations
            Ind Eng Chem Res, 32(3)511-518
R284  Underwood A J V 1932
           The theory and practice of testing skills
           Trans Inst Chem Eng, 10(-)112-152
R285  Underwood A J V 1948
           Fractional distillation of multicomponent mixtures
           Chem Eng Prog, 44(-)603-614
R286  Adewumi M
           PNG 520 phase relations in reservoir engineering
           Pennsylvania State University
           Retrieved September 9, 2009 from https://www.eeducation.psu.edu/png520/resources/l1.html
R287  Biazar A, Amirtemoori A 2006
           An improvement to the fixed point iterative method
           Applied Mathematics and Computation, 182 (1) 567–571
R288  Leong K 2011
           A correct Newton-Raphson and a better Halley
           J Young Investors, 16(4)
R289  Oyen M L 2005
            Ultrastructural characterization of time-dependent, inhomogeneous materials and tissues
            Ph.D thesis, University of Minnesota
R290  O’Leary D P, Rust B W 2013
           Variable projection for nonlinear least squares problems
           Computational Optimization and Applications, 54 (2013) 579-593
R291  van Riel N
           Minimal models for glucose and insulin kinetics
           http://bmi.bmt.tue.nl/sysbio/,  (accessed 15.02.2017)